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myanmar Arts and crafts

myanmar Silk

Both male and female Myanmars used to dress silk at the special occasions like wedding ceremony, Religious ceremony and other grand ceremonies as the ceremonial dress.
Mandalay and Inle are the origin of silk fabric in Myanmar. Silk is made from fine, soft thread produced by silkworms. Pyin Oo Lwin and Shan States have favourable climate to grow Mulberry trees which the leaves are feed of the silkworms. Then the silkworms are rearing in that region at the professional scale. Silk threads are extracted from the cocoon of the silkworm larva. Rearing silkworm is called Sericulture. This is an interesting process that you should study while you are visit Pyin Oo Lwin.
Tiny silk yarn from silkworm cocoon has been spun to get a thread for weaving. Both spinning and weaving are in manual by wooden spinning machine and wooden hand looms. Then Myanmar silk is real hand made.
Silk fabric made in Shan State has similar pattern to Thai silk. Made in Mandalay silk is thicker with Zig-zag pattern and multi colored. To enable to get that kind of cloth a hundred spindles have been used on a loom. Silk weaving factory in Mandalay and Inle is one the places of interest.

Lacquer ware

Lacquer-ware is a famous local craft that has developed over time into an art form of refined quality. Lacquer-ware is crafted from a mixture of the sap of the thitsi tree and ash applied on the surface of objects such as woven bamboo or wood. At present Bagan area is the most famous products sites of Myanmar traditional rice bowl lacquer-ware products and also famous at Kyauk Kar village near Monywa, Sagaing Division and Shan lacquer-ware products such as meal table and soup bowl areas in Shan State. Lacquerware is found in Thailand and Laos, but the best examples are crafted in the villages around Bagan.


Pottery has a long tradition in Myanmar. The ight green glaze used in 11th century Bagan was considered by ceramic experts to be unique to the country. Old celadon kilns have been discovered by the hundreds in the Ayeyarwady delta.
The country’s main pottery production centre is Kyauk Myaung, a town on the Ayeyarwaddy River in upper Myanmar. A much older pottery producing centre is Twante, in the delta not far from Yangon. Smaller potteries are found all over the country, with various national races producing their own style of terracotta or glazed ware.


Silk umbrellas with a wood and bamboo frame are made at Pathein while red and brown ones are made Shan State. Large garden umbrellas are made in both places.



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